Elephants used to roam throughout the whole of Peninsular Malaysia. At present, only seven states in the peninsular still have isolated populations of elephants, with an estimated total of 1200 to 1500 individuals

The major causes of decline are forest clearance, land conversion for agriculture, and urban development. Roads cut off many travel routes and isolate elephant feeding grounds. So elephants are forced to encroach on human settlements and agricultural areas in search of food. This results in crop and property damage, and sometimes injury or death of humans. Affected people often want elephants to be translocated and may set out to kill problem elephants.

Why we need elephants

Elephants play an important role in maintaining the quality of our ecosystems and for the survival of other species:

  • They travel across large distances through many habitats. They help disperse seeds over large areas through their dung. The seeds are often viable and regenerate into trees.
  • They create waterholes for other animals by digging up riverbeds during the dry season.
  • They help open up forest clearings for smaller herbivores to graze on grasses and fallen tree shoots or fruits.

Where we work

We are currently working in the Endau-Rompin landscape in Peninsular Malaysia, straddling the border of Pahang and Johor. These uplands are an important catchment area for several rivers.



Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia
Denver Zoo
Department of Wildlife and National Parks (DWNP) Peninsular Malaysia

Copyright 2007-2021 by Wildlife Conservation Society

WCS, the "W" logo, WE STAND FOR WILDLIFE, I STAND FOR WILDLIFE, and STAND FOR WILDLIFE are service marks of Wildlife Conservation Society.

Contact Information
Address: 2300 Southern Boulevard Bronx, New York 10460 | (718) 220-5100